醉仙鸭讲解腊八饮食养生全攻略
来源:http://www.zuixianya666.com/  2015-1-27 13:59:56
腊八节来历
The laba festival origin 
从先秦起,腊八节都是用来祭祀祖先和神灵,祈求丰收和吉祥。腊八节除祭祖敬神的活动外,人们还要逐疫。这项活动来源于古代的傩(古代驱鬼避疫的仪式)。史前时代的医疗方法之一即驱鬼治疾。作为巫术活动的腊月击鼓驱疫之俗,今在湖南新化等地区仍有留存。
Since the pre-qin, the laba festival is used to worship our ancestors and gods, pray for a harvest and good luck. The laba festival in addition to the activities of ancestor worship god, people also have to disease. This activity is derived from the ancient nuo (ancient spirits off ceremony). Prehistoric times one of the medical treatment method of the spirits to cure disease. As witchcraft activities month, drum drive disease of common, there are still retained today in hunan xinhua and other regions. 
腊八食粥致神仙
Eat laba porridge to gods 
陆游《食粥》诗曰:“世人个个学长年,不悟长年在目前。我得晚丘平易法,只将食粥致神仙。”说明食粥有利养生。从营养功效来看,腊八粥具有健脾、开胃、补气、养血等作用,是寒冬时节的滋补佳品,难怪可以传承百年而不衰。
Lu you eat porridge poems said: "the world all the senior year, no one spends years now. I have to late high easy method, will only eat porridge to the gods." Eat porridge good preserve one's health. From the point of nutrition claims, laba rice porridge with spleen, appetizers, tonifying qi and nourishing blood, is the winter tonic, it is no wonder that can endure heritage in one hundred. 
腊八粥由来
Laba rice porridge origin 
释迦牟尼佛成道之前,在尼连禅河边的苦行林中苦修6年,饿得骨瘦如柴,奄奄一息。此时他遇到一位牧女,送给他乳糜(牛乳加饭)。食后他体力恢复,经过思考,决定放弃无益的苦行。释迦继续静思冥索,探究世间万物,宇宙间一切现象的规律和人生解脱之道,更终释迦于三十五岁腊月初八凌晨在菩提树下悟道成佛。
Shakyamuni Buddha as before, in the zen of ascetic penance for six years, the forest along the river so hungry gaunt, dying. When he meet a MuNv, gave him chyle (milk and rice). He physical recovery after food, after thinking, decided to give up a useless asceticism. Sugar apple continue to meditation ghost suo, explore everything in the world, the rule of all phenomena of the universe and life liberation, eventually the sugar from 35 attained enlightenment under the bodhi tree in the morning the day. 
中国佛教徒于成道日举行颂经并效法牧女献乳糜的故事,取谷米及果实,煮粥供佛,定名为“腊八粥”。
In Chinese buddhist Yu Chengdao day held chant and according to the story of chylous munv xian, tricomi and fruit, cooking porridge for Buddha, entitled "laba porridge". 
腊八粥在中国已经有一千多年的历史,清代非常盛行。“腊八粥”的用料十分讲究,粥料为:两黄米(小米、黄米);两白米(大米、江米);两豆(红小豆;绿豆);两果仁(核桃仁、杏仁);两干果(小枣、葡萄干);外加菱角米、栗子米、花生米、榛子仁、松子以及白糖、红糖、乳蕈(牛奶、香菇)等合水熬煮。高手熬出的“腊八粥”不但好吃,而且好看,因此“腊八粥”又称“七宝粥”,比作佛家七宝(金、银、琉璃、琥珀、玛瑙、珊瑚、珍珠)的混合体,非常形象。
Laba rice porridge in China has a history of more than one thousand years, is very popular in the qing dynasty. "Laba porridge" material is very exquisite, porridge for: two yellow rice, millet, yellow rice); Two rice (rice and polished glutinous rice); Two beans, red bean, mung bean); Two nuts (walnuts, almonds); Two nuts (thread jujube, the raisin); Plus water caltrop kernel, chestnut rice, peanuts, hazelnut, pine nuts and white sugar, brown sugar, cream mushroom (such as milk, mushroom) or boiled water. Ace to boil out "laba porridge" is not only delicious, and good-looking, so "laba porridge" also called "qibao porridge", compared to a buddhist shippo (gold, silver, glass, agate, coral, amber, pearls) mixture, very image. 
这一传统习俗延续至今,“腊八粥”这一营养丰富、美味可口的宗教仪式供品,逐渐演变成为寻常百姓家的食品。用料又增加了多种,如桂圆、莲子、百合、枸杞、冰糖、紫米、香米、薏仁米等。名称也由原来的“七宝粥”变成了“八宝粥”。
This tradition continues today, "laba porridge" nutritious, delicious ritual offerings, gradually evolved into the food of the ordinary people. Added a variety of materials, such as longan, lotus seed, lily, medlar, rock candy, purple rice, rice and barley rice, etc. Name from "qibao porridge" into a "rice pudding". 
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